Table of Orsten' taxa (from Australia, China, Poland, Sweden, and UK so far)

This is our first, almost complete list of more than 50 'Orsten' fossil taxa (name giving also by others, of course) and the only authorized by us. Current update from April 15, 2011

Note that Agnostos pisiformis is different from the rest of 'Orsten' arthropods in so far that it has been known for long in form of its calcitic head and tail shields of the large specimens. What is still missing in this list are the cambrogeorginids, palaeoscolecids and more non-arthropods and small shellies, which will be added in due course.

no taxon (mainly species)locality/stratigraphic rangesystematicspicturemajor reference(s)
1 Aengapentastomum andresi Waloszek, Repetksi & Maas, 2006 Västergötland, Sweden, Furongian, uppermost Cambrian, reworked into Lower Ordovician layers Arthropoda stemlineage Pentastomida stemlineage Agnostus pisiformis Waloszek et al. 2006
2 Agnostus pisiformis(Wahlenberg, 1818) Skåne, Öland, Väster-götland, Sweden, Cambrian series 3, uppermost Middle Cambrian, according to latest decisions of the International Stratigraphic Commission, A.-pisiformis zone (originally lowermost stratum of Upper Cambrian of the Baltoscandic Region) Arthropoda s. str. Euarthro-poda incertae sedis, possibly closer to Crustacea s. l. (sister taxon?) Agnostus pisiformis Müller & Walossek 1987, Walossek & Müller 1990, 1998a, Stein et al. 2005
3 Boeckelericambria pelturae Walossek & Müller, 1994 Kinnekulle, Västergötland, Sweden, Furongian = uppermost Cambrian, according to Internl. Strat. Comm., zone 5/6 of original Upper Cambrian of Baltoscandic Region Arthropoda stemlineage Pentastomida stemlineage   Walossek & Müller 1994
5 Bredocaris admirabilis Müller, 1983 Kinnekulle, Västergötland, Sweden, uppermost Furongian Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Eucrustacea Entomostraca Maxillopoda Thecostraca stemlineage   Müller 1983, Müller & Walossek 1988b, Walossek & Müller 1992, 1998a, b
6 Cambrocaris baltica Walossek & Szaniawski, 1991 Furongian, late Cambrian of northern Poland Euarthropoda Crustacea stemlineage   Walossek & Szaniawski 1991
7 Cambropachycope clarksoni Walossek & Müller, 1990 Kinnekulle, Västergötland, Sweden, uppermost Middle Cambrian Euarthropoda Crustacea stemlineage   Walossek & Müller 1990
8 Cambropycnogon klausmuelleriWaloszek & Dunlop, 2002 Kinnekulle, Västergötland, Sweden, Cambrian series 3, uppermost Middle Cambrian Euarthropoda Chelicerata s.str. Pycnogonida stemlineage   Müller & Walossek 1986b, 1988a, Walossek & Dunlop 2002, Vilpoux & Waloszek 2003
9 Dala peilertae Müller, 1983 Kinnekulle, Västergötland, Sweden, uppermost Furongian, late Cambrian Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Eucrustacea Entomostraca Maxillopoda stemlineage   Müller 1981, see also Müller 1983, which was not the real first description
10 Falites fala Müller, 1964, ST 1708 (UB W 237) Sweden, Ctenopyge Zone (Zone 5), Västergötland Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Phosphatocopina   Müller 1964, see also 1979 and Maas et al. 2003
11 Goticaris longispinosa Walossek & Müller, 1990 Kinnekulle, Västergötland, Sweden, uppermost Furongian, late Cambrian Euarthropoda Crustacea stemlineage   Walossek & Müller 1990
12 Haffnericambria trolmeniensis Walossek & Müller, 1994 Kinnekulle, Västergötland, Sweden, uppermost Furongian, late Cambrian Arthropoda stemlineage Pentastomida stemlineage   Walossek & Müller 1994
13 Henningsmoenicaris scutula (Walossek & Müller, 1990) new name for Henningsmoenia scutula Walossek & Müller 1990 Kinnekulle, Västergötland, Sweden, Cambrian series 3, uppermost Middle Cambrian Euarthropoda Crustacea stemlineage – Hennings-moenia is pre-occupied by Schallreuter (1968)   Walossek & Müller, 1990, 1991
14

Hesslandona angustata Maas, Waloszek & Müller, 2003, ST 3122 (UB W 203, Holotype)

A. pisiformis Zone, Gum, Västergötland, S Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Phosphatocopina   see Maas et al. 2003
15 Hesslandona curvispina Maas, Waloszek & Müller, 2003, ST 3721 (UB W 205, Holotype) A. pisiformis Zone, Kinnekulle, Västergötland, S Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Phosphatocopina   Maas et al. 2003
16 Hesslandona kinnekullensis Müller, 1964, ST 2225 (UB W 174) Olenus Zone (Lowermost Furongian) of Västergötland, Öland, S Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Phosphatocopina   Müller 1964, see also Maas et al. 2003
17 Hesslandona necopina Müller, 1964 (Type species of Hesslandona Müller, 1964), ST 2204 (UB W 165) A. pisiformis Zone, Västergötland, S Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Phosphatocopina   Müller 1964, see also Maas et al. 2003
18 Hesslandona suecicaMaas, Waloszek & Müller, 2003, ST 3211 (UB W 197) A. pisiformis Zone, Kinnekulle, Västergötland, S Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Phosphatocopina   Maas et al. 2003
19 Hesslandona toreborgensis Maas, Waloszek & Müller, 2003, ST 3771 (UB W 214, Holotype) Olenus Zone (Lowermost Furongian) of Västergötland, Öland, S Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Phosphatocopina   Maas et al. 2003
20 Hesslandona trituberculataLochmann & Hu, 1960, ST 3244 (UB W 179) Olenus Zone (Lowermost Furongian) of Kinnekulle, Västergötland, Öland, S; Holotype from Du Noir Limestone, early Upper Cambrian, Cedaria Zone at Sheep Mountain Section, Northwest Wind River Mountains, northeastern Sublette County, Wyoming, USA Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Phosphatocopina   Lochmann & Hu 1960, see also Maas et al. 2003
21 Hesslandona unisulcata Müller, 1982
ST xxxx
Kinnekulle, Västergötland, Sweden, Cambrian series 3, uppermost Middle Cambrian Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Phosphatocopina   Müller 1979, Müller 1982, Maas et al. 2003, Maas & Waloszek 2005
22 Hesslandona ventrospinata Gründel in Gründel & Buchholz, 1980, ST 3488 (UB W 186) A. pisiformis Zone, Västergötland, S; Holotype from erratic boulders of Rügen Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Phosphatocopina   Gründel & Buchholz 1980, see also Maas et al. 2003
23 Heymonsicambria gossmannae Walossek & Müller, 1994 Kinnekulle, Västergötland, Sweden, uppermost Furongian, late Cambrian Arthropoda stemlineage Pentastomida stemlineage   Walossek & Müller 1994
24 Heymonsicambria kinnekullensis Walossek & Müller, 1994 Kinnekulle, Västergötland, Sweden, uppermost Furongian Arthropoda stemlineage Pentastomida stemlineage   Walossek & Müller 1994
25 Heymonsicambria repetskii Walossek & Müller, 1994 Kinnekulle, Västergötland, Sweden, uppermost Furongian Arthropoda stemlineage Pentastomida stemlineage   Walossek & Müller 1994
26 Heymonsicambria scandica Walossek & Müller, 1994 Kinnekulle, Västergötland, Sweden, uppermost Furongian Arthropoda stemlineage Pentastomida stemlineage   Walossek & Müller 1994
27 Heymonsicambria sp. a of Walossek & Müller (1994) Kinnekulle, Västergötland, Sweden, uppermost Furongian Arthropoda stemlineage Pentastomida stemlineage   Walossek & Müller 1994
28 Heymonsicambria taylori Walossek, Repetski & Müller, 1994 Upper Furongian or Lower Ordovician, Newfoundland, Canada Arthropoda stemlineage Pentastomida stemlineage   Walossek, Repetski & Müller 1994
29 Klausmuelleria salopensis Siveter, Waloszek & Williams, 2003 Comley, UK, possibly series 2, uppermost Lower Cambrian Arthropoda Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Phosphatocopina – sister taxon to all others   Siveter et al. 2001, 2003, Maas et al. 2003, Maas & Waloszek 2005
30 Markuelia laurieiHaug, Maas, Waloszek, Donoghue & Bengtson, 2009 Rogers Ridge, Australia, possibly, series 2 or 3, former Middle Cambrian Nemathelminthes ?Cycloneuralia   Haug et al. 2009
31 Martinssonia elongata Müller & Walossek, 1986 Kinnekulle, Västergötland, Sweden, Cambrian series 3

 

Euarthropoda Crustacea stemlineage   Müller & Walossek 1986, Walossek & Müller 1990
32 Musacaris gerdgeyeriHaug, Waloszek & Maas, 2010 Kinnekulle, Västergötland, Sweden, Cambrian series 3 Euarthropoda Crustacea stemlineage   Haug et al. 2010a
33 Oelandocaris oelandica Müller, 1983 Öland, Sweden, uppermost Furongian, new material from Västergötland, which is also uppermost Cambrian Euarthropoda Crustacea stemlineage   Müller 1983, Stein et al. 2005
34 Orstenocarida Müller & Walossek, 1988 Kinnekulle, Västergötland, Sweden, uppermost Cambrian = Furongian Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Eucrustacea Entomostraca Maxillopoda Thecostraca stemlineage see Bredocaris Müller 1983, Müller & Walossek 1988b, Walossek & Müller 1992, 1998a, b
35 Orstenoloricus shergoldii Maas, Waloszek, Haug & Müller, 2009 Rogers Ridge, Australia, possibly, series 2 or 3, former Middle Cambrian Nemathelminthes Cycloneuralia Scalidophora   Maas et al. 2009
36 Orstenotubulus ewamuellerae Maas, Mayer, Kristensen & Waloszek, 2007 Skåne, Oeland, Väster-götland, Sweden, Cambrian series 3 Arthropoda stemlineage   Maas et al. 2007
37 Phosphatocopina Müller, 1964 worldwide, Middle to Upper Cambrian, according to the find of Klausmuelleria also Lower Cambrian Arthropoda Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora – sister taxon to Eucrustacea see Hesslandona Müller 1964, 1979a, b, c, 1982, Maas et al. 2003, 2004, Maas & Waloszek 2005
38 Rehbachiella kinnekullensis Müller, 1983 Kinnekulle, Västergötland, Sweden, uppermost Middle Cambrian according to latest decisions of the International Stratigraphic Commission, Agnostus-pisiformis zone (originally lowermost stratum of UC of the Baltoscandic Region) Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Eucrustacea Entomostraca Branchiopoda – sister taxon to Eubranchiopoda   Müller 1983, Walossek & Müller 1990, 1998a, b, Walossek 1993, 1995, 1996, 1999, Walossek 2003a, b, Waloszek & Maas 2005
39 Sandtorpia vestro– gothiensis Haug, Maas & Waloszek, 2010 Västergötland, Sweden, Cambrian series 3 Euarthropoda Crustacea stemlineage   Haug et al. 2010b
40 Shergoldana australiensis Maas, Waloszek, Haug & Müller, 2007 Rogers Ridge, Australia, possibly, series 2 or 3, former Middle Cambrian Nemathelminthes ?Cycloneuralia   Maas et al. 2007
41 Skaracarida Müller & Walossek, 1985 Kinnekulle, Västergötland, Sweden, Cambrian series 3 Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Eucrustacea Entomostraca Maxillopoda copepodan lineage (related to Mystacocarida and Copepoda) see Skara Müller & Walossek 1985
42 Skara anulata Müller 1983 Kinnekulle, Västergötland, Sweden, Cambrian series 3 Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Eucrustacea Entomostraca Maxillopoda copepodan lineage Skaracarida Müller & Walossek, 1985   Müller 1983, Walossek & Müller 1990, 1998a, b, 
43 Skara ?minuta from a borehole in Poland, straum unclear Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Eucrustacea Entomostraca Maxillopoda copepodan lineage Skaracarida Müller & Walossek, 1985   Walossek & Szaniawski 1991
44 Skara minuta Müller & Walossek, 1985 Kinnekulle, Västergötland, Sweden, Cambrian series 3 Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Eucrustacea Entomostraca Maxillopoda copepodan lineage Skaracarida Müller & Walossek, 1985   Müller & Walossek 1985, Walossek & Müller 1990, 1998a, b
45 Skara huanensis Dong in Liu & Dong, 2007 China, Upper Cambrian = Furngian, but unclear Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Eucrustacea Entomostraca Maxillopoda copepodan lineage Skaracarida Müller & Walossek, 1985   Liu & Dong 2007
46

Trapezilites minimus(Kummerow, 1931), ST 3423 (UB W 220)

A. pisiformis Zone and Olenus Zone (Lowermost Furongian) of Västergötland, Öland, S Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Phosphatocopina    
47 Type A larva, no 1 Kinnekulle, Västergötland, Sweden, Cambrian series 3, but few specimens also from uppermost Furongian, more lower Ordovician (Canada) and series 2/3 (Australia) Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Eucrustacea   Müller & Walossek 1986b
48 Type A larva, no 2 Kinnekulle, Västergötland, Sweden, Cambrian series 3 Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Eucrustacea   Walossek & Müller 1989
49

Veldotron bratteforsa Müller, 1964, ST 3491 (UB W 233)

Olenus Zone (Lowermost Furongian) of Västergötland, Öland, S Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Phosphatocopina   Müller 1964, see also Maas et al. 2003
50 Vestrogothia spinata Müller, 1964, ST 2252 (UB W 243) Ctenopyge Zone (Zone 5), Västergötland, S Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Phosphatocopina   Müller 1964, see also Maas et al. 2003
51 Waldoria rotundata Gründel in Gründel & Buchholz, 1981, ST 11091 (UB W 224) A. pisiformis Zone, Västergötland, S; Holotype from erratic boulders of Rügen Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Phosphatocopina   Gründel & Buchholz 1980, see also Maas et al. 2003
52 Walossekia quinquespinosaMüller, 1983 Kinnekulle, Västergötland, Sweden, Cambrian series 3 Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Eucrustacea Entomostraca incertae sedis   Müller 1983
53 Wujicaris muelleri, Zhang, Maas, Haug, Siveter & Waloszek, 2010 Xiao-tan section, Yongshan, Yunnan Province, China (Yu’anshan Formation, Eoredlichia-Wutingaspis Biozone, upper Lower Cambrian of traditional usage) Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Eucrustacea Entomostraca incertae sedis   Zhang et al. 2010
54 Yicaris dianensisZhang, Siveter, Waloszek & Maas, 2007 Province Yunnan, China, Cambrian series 1 Euarthropoda Crustacea Labrophora Eucrustacea Entomostraca incertae sedis   Zhang, Siveter, Waloszek & Maas, 2007